BIRD SPECIES LIST

 

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A species list for birds for a specified area is problematic. Birds have wings and most can fly. Some traverse 1000's of kilometers in seasonal migrations. Some of the birds on Magnetic Island are full-time residents, others may live here only in one season and yet others may visit adjacent mainland areas in search of food water or mates. It depends on the habits and cycles of the individual species. All types are usually included in bird lists, as they are here, please refer to Key.

This is a very long list. Click on family type to go direct and use your 'back' button to return.To search by common or scientific name use the 'find' command in your browser. Otherwise scroll. Click on camera to view images.When photos open - click to enlarge

Raptors Curlews Honeyeaters Doves Owls Parrots Rails Cuckoos Fantails Kingfishers Crows Butcherbirds/Currawongs Herons

The List and Keys were researched and prepared by Patrick Centurino (QPWS, Magnetic Island).

Photographs used with permission of individual photographers whose contribution is greatly appreciated and who retain copyright. Photos may not be reproduced elsewhere without their permission.

Photos and species reports will be added for as many bird species as possible. Contributions welcome - if you have photos of any of the birds that aren't illustrated and would like to share them (credited of course) or are interested in writing a species report on your favourite bird, please email the editor at info@s4space.com.au

 

Key
Expect to see
1
   
Expect to see if you look for it
2
   
May see if you look for it
3
   
Unlikely to see
4
   
Very unlikely to see
5
   
Freshwater  
F
 
Saline Area  
S
 
Urban  
U
 
Grassland  
G
 
Open forest  
O
 
Closed forest  
C
 
All  
A
 
Resident     R
Visitor     V
Winter Migrant     W
Summer Migrant     S
Introduced     I

 

 

  Family 0r Sub-family Scientific (Latin) Names Common Names Frequency
Habitat
Status Image   Report
    GALLIFORMES FOWL-LIKE BIRDS            
  Megapodiidae (Mound builders) Megapodius reinwardt Orange-footed Scrubfowl
3
C
R    
    Alectura lathami Australian Brush-turkey
5
C
V      
  Phasianidae (Old World Quail and Pheasants) Gallus gallus Red Junglefowl
4
U
IR      
    Pavo cristatus Indian Peafowl
3
U
IR      
    Numida meleagris Helmeted Guinea Fowl
3
U
IR      
    TURNICIFORMES BUTTON-QUAIL            
  Turnicidae (Quails) Coturnix ypsilophora Brown Quail
5
OG
R      
    Turnix maculosa Red-backed Button-quail
5
O
V      
    ANSERIFORMES WATERFOWL           top
  Anseranatidae Anseranas semipalmata Magpie Goose
3
F
V    
  Anatidae (Ducks, Geese and Swans) Dendrocygna eytoni Plumed Whistling-Duck
4
F
V    
    Dendrocygna arcuata Wandering Whistling-Duck
5
F
V      
    Cygnus atratus Black Swan
5
FS
V      
    Anas superciliosa Pacific Black Duck
3
FS
R      
    Anas gracilis Grey Teal
5
FS
V      
    Aythya australis Hardhead
5
F
V      
    PODICIPEDIFORMES GREBES            
  Podicipedidae (Grebes) Tachybaptus novaehollandiae Australasian Grebe
5
F
V      
    PROCELLARIIFORMES TUBE-NOSED SEABIRDS            
  Procellariidae (Petrels and Shearwaters) Macronectes giganteus Southern Giant-Petrel
5
S
V      
    Puffinus pacificus Wedge-tailed Shearwater
5
S
V      
    Morus serrator Australasian Gannet
4
S
V      
    Sula leucogaster Brown Booby
3
S
V      
  Hydrobatidae (Storm-Petrels) Oceanites oceanicus Wilson's Storm-Petrel
5
S
V      
  Anhingidae (Darters) Anhinga melanogaster Darter
3
FS
R      
  Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants) Phalacrocorax melanoleucos Little Pied Cormorant
5
FS
V      
    Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant
5
S
V      
    Phalacrocorax varius Pied Cormorant
3
S
V      
    Phalacrocorax sulcirostris Little Black Cormorant
3
FS
R      
  Fregatidae (Frigatebirds) Fregata ariel Lesser (Least) Frigatebird
5
S
V      
  Pelecanidae (Pelicans) Pelecanus conspicillatus Australian Pelican
4
FS
V      
 
CICONIIFORMES
HERONS, STORKS AND IBIS           top
  Ardeidae( Herons and Egrets) Ardea sumatrana Great-billed Heron
5
F
V      
    Egretta novaehollandiae White-faced Heron
3
FS
R NEW  
    Egretta garzetta Little Egret
3
SF
R      
    Egretta sacra Eastern Reef Egret
2
S
R    
    Ardea pacifica White-necked Heron
5
F
V      
    Ardea alba Great Egret
3
FS
R    
    Ardea intermedia Intermediate Egret
3
SF
R      
    Ardea ibis Cattle Egret
4
SF
V      
    Butorides striatus Striated Heron
3
S
R    
    Nycticorax caledonicus Nankeen Night Heron
5
SF
R      
    Ixobrychus flavicollis Black Bittern
5
FS
V      
  Threskiornithidae (Ibis and Spoonbills) Threskiornis molucca Australian White Ibis
1
SF
R      
    Threskiornis spinicollis Straw-necked Ibis
3
SUG
V      
    Platalea regia Royal Spoonbill
3
FS
V      
    Platalea flavipes Yellow-billed Spoonbill
4
F
V      
  Ciconiidae (Storks) Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus Black-necked Stork
4
FS
V      
  FALCONIORMES DIURNAL BIRDS OF PREY           top
  Accipitridae ( Hawks, Eagles and Kites ) Pandion haliaetus Osprey
1
S
R    
    Aviceda subcristata Pacific Baza
3
OC
R    
    Elanus axillaris Black-shouldered Kite
4
O
V      
    Milvus migrans Black Kite
3
OUS
V    
    Haliastur sphenurus Whistling Kite
1
OUSF
R NEW  
    Haliastur indus Brahminy Kite
1
SF
R    
    Circus assimilis Spotted Harrier
4
G
V      
    Haliaeetus leucogaster White-bellied Sea-Eagle
1
SF
R    
    Accipiter fasciatus Brown Goshawk
4
O
R      
    Accipiter novaehollandiae Grey Goshawk
4
OC
R      
    Accipiter cirrocephalus Collared Sparrowhawk
4
OC
R    
    Aquila audax Wedge-tailed Eagle
3
A
R      
    Hieraaetus morphnoides Little Eagle
4
A
V      
  Falconidae (Falcons) Falco longipennis Australian Hobby
4
O
V      
    Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon
3
O
R      
    Falco cenchroides Nankeen Kestrel
3
G
R    
  GRUIFORMES RAILS, CRANES AND BUSTARDS           top
  Rallidae (Rails, Crakes and Gallinules) Gallirallus philippensis Buff-banded Rail
5
FG
V    
    Amaurornis olivaceus Bush-hen
4
O
V      
    Porphyrio porphyrio Purple Swamphen
3
F
R    
    Gallinula tenebrosa Dusky Moorhen
4
F
V      
    Fulica atra Eurasian Coot
4
F
V      
  Gruidae ( Cranes ) Grus rubicunda Brolga
5
F
V      
    CHARADRIIFORMES SHOREBIRDS AND GULLS            
  Scolopacidae (Sandpipers) Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit
3
S
S    
    Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit
5
F
S      
    Numenius minutus Little Curlew
5
S
SV      
    Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel
3
S
S NEW  
    Numenius madagascariensis Eastern Curlew
3
S
S      
    Tringa nebularia Common Greenshank
3
S
S      
    Calidris acuminata Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
3
SF
S      
    Tringa stagnatilis Marsh Sandpiper
5
F
S      
    Actitis hypoleucos Common Sandpiper
3
S
S      
    Xenus cinereus Terek Sandpiper
5
S
V      
    Calidris ruficollis Red-necked Stint
4
S
S      
    Heteroscelus brevipes Grey-tailed Tattler
3
S
S      
    Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone
4
S
V      
    Gallinago hardwickii Latham's Snipe
5
F
S      
  Jacanidae (Jacanas) Irediparra gallinacea Comb-crested Jacana
5
O
V      
  Burhinidae (Stone-curlews) Burhinus grallarius Bush Stone-curlew
1
UO
R  
    Esacus neglectus Beach Stone-curlew
3
S
R      
  Haematopodidae (Oystercatchers) Haematopus longirostris Pied Oystercatcher
4
S
V UPDATE  
    Haematopus fuliginosus Sooty Oystercatcher
3
S
R NEW  
  Recurvirostridae (Stilts and Avocets) Himantopus himantopus Black-winged Stilt
5
S
V      
  Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings) Pluvialis fulva Pacific Golden Plover
4
S
S      
    Charadrius leschenaultii Greater Sand Plover
4
S
S      
    Charadrius mongolus Lesser Sand Plover
4
S
S      
    Charadrius bicinctus Double-banded Plover
5
S
S      
    Charadrius ruficapillus Red-capped Plover
3
SF
R      
    Elseyornis melanops Black-fronted Dotterel
4
S
S      
    Vanellus miles Masked Lapwing, Plover
2
GFS
R NEW  
  Laridae (Gulls, Terns and Skuas) Larus novaehollandiae Silver Gull
1
S
R    
    Sterna nilotica Gull-billed Tern
3
S
R      
    Sterna caspia Caspian Tern
3
S
R      
    Sterna bengalensis Lesser Crested Tern
4
S
V      
    Sterna bergii Crested Tern
2
S
R      
    Sterna hirundo Common Tern
4
S
V      
    Sterna sumatrana Black-naped Tern
5
S
V      
    Sterna anaethetus Bridled Tern
4
S
V      
    Sterna fuscata Sooty Tern
5
S
V      
    Sterna albifrons Little Tern
4
S
V      
    Anous minutus Black Noddy
5
S
V      
    Anous stolidus Common Noddy
5
S
V      
  COLUMBIFORMES PIGEONS AND DOVES           top
  Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves) Macropygia amboinensis Brown Cuckoo-Dove
4
C
R      
    Chalcophaps indica Emerald Dove
4
C
R    
    Geopelia cuneata Diamond Dove
5
CF
R      
    Geopelia striata Peaceful Dove
3
A
R    
    Geopelia humeralis Bar-shouldered Dove
3
OS
R    
    Ptilinopus magnificus Wompoo Fruit-Dove
5
C
V    
    Ptilinopus superbus Superb Fruit-Dove
5
C
V      
    Ptilinopus regina Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove
5
C
V      
    Ducula bicolor Pied Imperial-Pigeon, Torres Staight Pigeon
2
SOFU
S Update  
    Lopholaimus antarcticus Topknot Pigeon
5
O
V      
    Columba leucomela White-headed Pigeon
5
C
V      
    Columba livia Rock Dove, Pigeon
5
U
RI      
    Phaps chalcoptera Common Bronzewing
5
O
V      
  PSITTACIFORMES  COCKATOOS, PARROTS AND LORIKEETS           top
  Cacatuidae (Cockatoos) Calyptorhynchus banksii Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo
2
S
R    
    Cacatua roseicapilla Galah
2
O
R NEW  
    Cacatua sanguinea Little Corella
3
OU
R      
    Cacatua galerita Sulphur-crested Cockatoo
1
OU
R    
    Nymphicus hollandicus Cockatiel
5
OU
V      
  Psittacidae (Parrots and Lorikeets) Trichoglossus haematodus Rainbow Lorikeet
1
OU
R    
    Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus Scaly-breasted Lorikeet, Greenie
5
OU
V NEW  
    Glossopsitta pusilla Little Lorikeet
5
O
V      
    Aprosmictus erythropterus Red-winged Parrot
5
U
V UPDATE  
    Platycercus adscitus Pale-headed Rosella
5
O
V      
  CUCULIFORMES CUCKOOS AND COUCALS           top
  Cuculidae (Cuckoos) Cuculus saturatus Oriental Cuckoo
5
C
S      
    Cuculus pallidus Pallid Cuckoo
5
O
S      
    Cacomantis variolosus Brush Cuckoo
5
O
S      
    Cacomantis flabelliformis Fan-tailed Cuckoo
5
CO
S    
    Chrysococcyx basalis Horsfield's Bronze-Cuckoo
5
O
S      
    Chrysococcyx lucidus Shining Bronze-Cuckoo
5
C
S      
    Chrysococcyx minutillus Little Bronze-Cuckoo
5
OCS
S      
    Chrysococcyx russatus Gould's Bronze-Cuckoo
5
OCS
S      
    Eudynamys scolopacea Common Koel
2
O
S      
    Scythrops novaehollandiae Channel-billed Cuckoo
4
OU
S      
  Centropodidae (Coucals) Centropus phasianinus Pheasant Coucal
3
A
R    
  STRIGIFORMES OWLS           top
  Strigidae (Typical (Hawk) Owls) Ninox connivens Barking Owl
4
C
R NEW  
    Ninox novaeseelandiae Southern Boobook
3
COU
R      
  Tytonidae (Barn Owls) Tyto capensis Grass Owl
5
G
V      
    CAPRIMULGIFORMES NIGHTJARS AND RELATIVES            
  Caprimulgidae (Nightjars) Caprimulgus macrurus Large-tailed Nightjar
5
SO
V      
    Eurostopodus mystacalis White-throated Nightjar
5
O
V      
    APODIFORMES SWIFTS            
  Apodidae (Swifts) Collocalia spodiopygius White-rumped Swiftlet
5
O
V      
    Apus pacificus Fork-tailed Swift
5
A
V      
    Hirundapus caudacutus White-throated Needletail
5
O
V      
  CORACIIFORMES KINGFISHERS, ROLLERS AND BEE-EATERS           top
  Alcedinidae (Water Kingfishers) Alcedo pusilla Little Kingfisher
3
FSU
R      
    Alcedo azurea Azure Kingfisher
5
COU
V      
  Halcyonidae (Tree Kingfishers) Dacelo novaeguineae Laughing Kookaburra
2
OU
R    
    Dacelo leachii Blue-winged Kookaburra
1
OU
R    
    Todiramphus macleayii Forest Kingfisher
5
A
R    
    Todiramphus pyrrhopygia Red-backed Kingfisher
5
OU
V      
    Todiramphus sanctus Sacred Kingfisher
5
OS
V      
    Todiramphus chloris Collared Kingfisher
5
S
V      
    Tanysiptera sylvia Buff-breasted Paradise-Kingfisher
5
C
V      
  Meropidae (Bee-eaters) Merops ornatus Rainbow Bee-eater
2
OUSFR
R    
  Coraciidae (Rollers) Eurystomus orientalis Dollarbird
3
OU
S    
    PASSERIFORMES SONGBIRDS           top
  Pittidae (Pittas) Pitta versicolor Noisy Pitta
4
C
V      
  Maluridae (Fairy-wrens) Malurus melanocephalus Red-backed Fairy-wren
5
OUF
R      
  Pardalotidae (Pardalotes, Gerygones, Scrubwrens and Thornbills) Pardalotus striatus Striated Pardalote
5
O
V      
    Gerygone levigaster Mangrove Gerygone
5
C
V      
    Gerygone magnirostris Large-billed Gerygone
5
S
V      
    Gerygone olivacea White-throated Gerygone
5
O
W      
    Gerygone palpebrosa Fairy Gerygone
5
S
V      
Meliphagidae (Honeyeaters) Philemon buceroides Helmeted Friarbird, Leatherhead
1
OUC
R   top
    Philemon corniculatus Noisy Friarbird
4
OUC
V      
    Philemon citreogularis Little Friarbird
4
OUC
V      
    Entomyzon cyanotis Blue-faced Honeyeater
4
O
V      
    Lichmera indistincta Brown Honeyeater
2
O
V      
    Ramsayornis modestus Brown-backed Honeyeater
4
O
V      
    Myzomela sanguinolenta Scarlet Honeyeater
4
O
V      
    Myzomela obscura Dusky Honeyeater
4
OUC
R      
  Petroicidae ( Australasian Robins) Poecilodryas superciliosa White-browed Robin
4
C
V      
  Pachycephalidae ( Whistlers and Shrike-thrushes) Pachycephala rufiventris Rufous Whistler
4
O
W      
    Pachycephala pectoralis Golden Whistler
5
CS
V      
    Colluricincla megarhyncha Little Shrike-thrush
4
CS
W      
    Colluricincla harmonica Grey Shrike-thrush
4
O
W      
Dicruridae ( Monarchs, Fantails, Magpielarks and Drongos) Monarcha melanopsis Black-faced Monarch
4
C
W    
    Monarcha trivirgatus Spectacled Monarch
4
C
W    
    Monarcha leucotis White-eared Monarch
4
C
W NEW  
    Myiagra rubecula Leaden Flycatcher
4
OSCU
W    
    Myiagra cyanoleuca Satin Flycatcher
4
OSCU
W      
    Myiagra alecto Shining Flycatcher
4
S
W    
    Myiagra inquieta Restless Flycatcher
4
OSCU
V      
    Grallina cyanoleuca Magpie-lark,Peewee
1
OUF
R      
    Rhipidura rufifrons Rufous Fantail
3
C
W      
    Rhipidura fuliginosa Grey Fantail
4
OCU
W      
    Rhipidura leucophrys Willie Wagtail
4
O
W      
    Dicrurus bracteatus Spangled Drongo
2
OUC
R    
  Campephagidae ( Cuckoo-shrikes and Trillers) Coracina novaehollandiae Black-faced Cuckoo-shrike
1
OU
R    
    Coracina papuensis White-bellied Cuckoo-shrike
3
OU
V      
    Coracina tenuirostris Cicadabird
5
CO
V      
    Lalage sueurii White-winged Triller
5
OU
V      
    Lalage leucomela Varied Triller
5
CSO
V    
  Oriolidae (Orioles) Oriolus sagittatus Olive-backed Oriole
5
CO
V      
    Sphecotheres viridis Figbird
2
COU
R    
Artamidae (Woodswallows, Magpies, Butcherbirds and Currawongs) Artamus leucorynchus White-breasted Woodswallow
3
A
V NEW top
    Artamus superciliosus White-browed Woodswallow
5
O
V      
    Artamus personatus Masked Woodswallow
5
O
V      
    Artamus cyanopterus Dusky Woodswallow
5
O
V      
    Cracticus nigrogularis Pied Butcherbird
3
OU
R    
    Gymnorhina tibicen Australian Magpie
2
OUF
V      
    Strepera graculina Pied Currawong
1
OUC
R update  
Corvidae ( Ravens and Crows) Corvus coronoides Australian Raven
4
A
V      
    Corvus orru Torresian Crow
1
A
R    
  Alaudidae (Larks)                
    Mirafra javanica Singing Bushlark
5
O
IV      
  Motacillidae (Pipits and Wagtails) Anthus novaeseelandiae Richard's Pipit
4
G
V      
  Passeridae (House Sparrows and Grass Finches) Passer domesticus House Sparrow
4
U
IV      
    Taeniopygia bichenovii Double-barred Finch
4
O
V    
    Lonchura punctulata Nutmeg Mannikin
5
O
V      
    Lonchura castaneothorax Chestnut-breasted Mannikin
4
G
IV      
  Nectariniidae (Sunbirds) Nectarinia jugularis Yellow-bellied Sunbird, Sunbird
1
UCSOR
R update  
  Dicaeidae ( Flowerpeckers ) Dicaeum hirundinaceum Mistletoebird
3
A
R    
  Hirundinidae ( Swallows and Martins ) Hirundo neoxena Welcome Swallow
1
SOFU
R      
    Hirundo nigricans Tree Martin
5
O
V      
    Zosterops lateralis Silvereye
5
A
V      
    Hirundo ariel Fairy Martin
5
OFU
R      
  Sylviidae (One World Warblers) Megalurus timoriensis Tawny Grassbird
5
G
V      
    Cisticola exilis Golden-headed Cisticola
5
G
V      
  Sturnidae ( Starlings ) Aplonis metallica Metallic Starling
5
C
V      
    *Acridotheres tristis *Common Myna
4
Y
IV      
     Total 221             top

(*) Please report any sightings to QPWS on 4778 5378

This bird list has been compiled with information
from Queensland Museum Lists, Birds Australia and the Queensland Parks and Wildlife database "Wildnet"
.

Other References used for verification etc. include

Cairns, A., Richards, M. and Lukacs, G., 2005, Catchment Study– Gustav Creek, Magnetic Island,
ACTFR Report 00/05, Australian Centre for Tropical Freshwater Research
James Cook University, Townsville

Ryan, M. and Burwell, C. (Eds),2000, Wildlife of Tropical Far North Queensland, Queensland Museum.

Simpson, K. and Day, N. (Eds),1993, Field Guide to the Birds of Australia, Viking,Australia

Wieneke, J.,1996, Birds of Magnetic Island, Facing Pages Advertising, Townsville

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